Copyright in Israel: A Comprehensive Overview

Israel, a thriving hub of innovation and creativity, places great importance on copyright protection to foster the growth of its vibrant creative industries. In this article, we will explore various aspects of copyright in Israel, including copyright registration, formalities, legislation, ownership, international aspects, and the latest trends in the country. So, let's delve into the fascinating world of copyright in Israel.

Israel has a centralized copyright agency known as the Israeli Copyright Association (ICA). This agency plays a crucial role in the management and administration of copyrights in the country. The ICA serves as a repository of copyright information and assists copyright holders in protecting and enforcing their rights.

In Israel, copyright registration is not mandatory. However, it is highly recommended to register your work with the ICA. To apply for copyright registration, you can submit an application along with the necessary documentation and the required fees to the ICA. The fees vary depending on the type of work being registered, and the ICA provides clear guidelines on their official website.

While copyright registration is not mandatory, it offers significant benefits to copyright holders. Registered works enjoy a presumption of validity and ownership, which can greatly simplify the process of proving copyright infringement in case of disputes. Moreover, registration also enables copyright holders to seek statutory damages and attorney's fees in legal proceedings.


In Israel, there is no requirement to include a copyright notice on copyrighted works. However, including a copyright notice, such as the symbol © or the word "Copyright," along with the name of the copyright owner and the year of first publication, is advisable. Although failure to include a copyright notice does not invalidate the copyright, it serves as a valuable reminder to others about the existence of copyright protection.

Unlike some countries, Israel does not have a formal requirement for copyright deposit. Therefore, copyright holders are not obligated to deposit copies of their works with any specific institution or authority.

Failure to register a copyrighted work does not have any legal consequences in Israel. Copyright protection is automatically granted upon the creation of an original work, irrespective of registration. However, as mentioned earlier, registering your work can provide additional benefits and evidentiary support in legal proceedings.


The relevant legislation governing copyright in Israel is the Copyright Law of 2007 (amended in 2018). This law outlines the rights and obligations of copyright holders, the scope of protection, and the remedies available in case of infringement.

The enforcement of copyright laws in Israel falls under the jurisdiction of the Israeli Copyright Association (ICA) and the Israeli courts. The ICA plays a crucial role in educating the public about copyright, facilitating licensing agreements, and mediating disputes related to copyright infringement.

Israel's copyright laws also address the digital exploitation of works. The legislation includes provisions to combat online piracy, unauthorized file sharing, and other forms of digital copyright infringement. These provisions aim to safeguard the rights of copyright holders in the rapidly evolving digital landscape.

Additionally, Israel's copyright laws have extraterritorial application, enabling the country to deal with foreign-owned or foreign-operated websites that infringe copyright. This helps protect the rights of Israeli copyright holders beyond national borders.


The owner of a copyrighted work in Israel is generally the creator of the work. However, there are specific instances where the ownership may vary. If an employee creates a copyrighted work in the course of their employment, the employer may own the copyright, unless a contract or agreement states otherwise. On the other hand, if an independent contractor creates a copyrighted work, the contractor usually retains ownership, unless there is a written agreement stating otherwise.

Copyrighted works can also be co-owned in Israel. Co-ownership occurs when multiple individuals contribute to the creation of a work. In such cases, each co-owner holds

an undivided share of the copyright, unless otherwise agreed upon.

Rights associated with copyrighted works can be transferred through various means, such as assignment or inheritance. The rules and procedures for transferring rights depend on the specific circumstances and are subject to contractual agreements or applicable laws.

Copyright holders can also license their rights to others. Licensing allows third parties to use the copyrighted work in exchange for compensation or under specific terms and conditions. The rules and procedures for licensing copyrights are typically governed by contractual agreements and can vary depending on the nature of the licensed work.

International Aspects

Israel is a member of several international copyright conventions, including the Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works and the Universal Copyright Convention. These conventions set standards and guidelines for copyright protection at the international level.

Membership in these conventions imposes obligations on Israel to provide certain rights and protections to foreign copyright holders. It ensures that foreign creators are entitled to the same level of copyright protection as Israeli creators, fostering international cooperation in the field of copyright.

In recent years, Israel has witnessed several noteworthy developments and trends in copyright. One prominent trend is the increasing focus on digital content protection and combating online piracy. The government and copyright-related organizations are actively working to address the challenges posed by digital infringement and protect the rights of creators in the digital sphere.

Another significant trend is the growing emphasis on collective management organizations (CMOs). CMOs play a crucial role in administering the rights of copyright holders and facilitating licensing agreements. They ensure that creators receive fair compensation for the use of their works and simplify the licensing process for users.

Furthermore, Israel has been actively engaged in international discussions and initiatives related to copyright reform. The country aims to align its copyright laws with global standards and adapt to the evolving landscape of technology and creativity.

In conclusion, copyright protection in Israel is a vital aspect of nurturing creativity and innovation. With a well-defined legal framework, a centralized copyright agency, and active participation in international copyright conventions, Israel strives to provide robust protection to copyright holders. By understanding the various facets of copyright in Israel, creators can effectively safeguard their works and contribute to the vibrant cultural landscape of the country.

Note: The information provided in this article is based on the knowledge available up until September 2021. It is advisable to consult the Israeli Copyright Association (ICA) or legal professionals for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding copyright in Israel.